languageserver: An implementation of the Language Server Protocol for R

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languageserver is an implement of the Microsoft’s Language Server Protocol for the language of R.

It is released on CRAN and can be easily installed by


The development version of languageserver could be installed by running the following in R



The R package knitr is required to enable languageserver for Rmarkdown files. languageserver doesn’t specify knitr as a dependency however, users may need to install it manually.

Language Clients

These editors are supported by installing the corresponding package.

let g:LanguageClient_serverCommands = {
    \ 'r': ['R', '--slave', '-e', 'languageserver::run()'],
    \ }
    (make-lsp-client :new-connection
        (lsp-stdio-connection '("R" "--slave" "-e" "languageserver::run()"))
        :major-modes '(ess-r-mode inferior-ess-r-mode)
        :server-id 'lsp-R))

Services Implemented

languageserver is still under active development, the following services have been implemented:


languageserver exposes the following settings via workspace/didChangeConfiguration

    "r.lsp.debug": {
      "type": "boolean",
      "default": false,
      "description": "Debug R Language Server"
    "r.lsp.diagnostics": {
      "type": "boolean",
      "default": true,
      "description": "Enable Diagnostics"



With lintr master branch, the linters can be specified by creating the .lintr file at the project or home directory. Details can be found at lintr documentation.

Until a new version of lintr is released, you could consider the following settings in .Rprofile:

    packageEvent("languageserver", "onLoad"),
    function(...) {
        options(languageserver.default_linters = lintr::with_defaults(
            line_length_linter = lintr::line_length_linter(100),
            object_usage_linter = NULL